Differences tropical architecture and architecture four seasons. In the scale of residential houses or buildings of medium size five-storeys there are significant differences between the architecture in tropical countries and architecture in the country four seasons. In the past, there is a term roof architecture (shelter) and architectural envelopes (envelope) illustrate that these two types of architectures have different characteristics in adapting to climatic conditions are also different.
In countries with four seasons, its architecture is dominated by the roof and walls are covered for expensive winter. The snow that fell on the roof, in a few hours will be a heavy snow pack. These conditions require a solution in the form of a rather steep slope of the roof, the roof construction is stronger, and reduce the eaves so the snow can quickly plummeted to the ground.
Similarly, the walls of the building, required thicker walls and massive that the cold weather outside the building becomes more slowly creeping into the building. In addition, cracks in the walls or in a meeting with a roof made of meetings and sturdiness. This has led to the emergence of the term architectural envelope.
Four Seasons this architecture would require more energy, either for space heating since the autumn, winter and early spring time. In addition, the lighting energy required also in the winter and air conditioning if summer temperatures somewhat excessive.
While tropical architecture in terms of construction becomes more simple and natural ingredients that can use lightweight but still strong, safe, and functional. With this in mind it will be more technology and alternative materials that can be used in tropical architecture. In fact, it can be developed into various possibilities of architecture that is more green.
Tropical architecture is basically a roof supported by one pole or multiple poles. This roof serves as a means of shelter or shelter from the sun or rain but still seeking the light of the sun and fresh air flow or wind coming. Thus, it can reduce the humidity and making the building cool and fresh.
The position of the roof to the walls still leaves a gap and the excess width of the roof that is often referred to as overstek, overhangs or eaves. Eaves role is very important in tropical architecture because it is necessary to protect some building walls or protecting openings in the wall of the window or vent. In addition, the eaves can reduce sun exposure that feels hot and avoid running fairly heavy rain.